"Avatar Aang and Fire Lord Zuko transformed the Fire Nation colonies into the United Republic of Nations, a society where benders and non-benders from all over the world could live and thrive together in peace and harmony."
United Republic of Nations
The capital of the United Republic is Republic City, a large, modern metropolis located on the shores of Yue Bay. From there, a political organization consisting of one representative from each nation, the United Republic Council, governs the republic.
In the aftermath of the Hundred Year War, Team Avatar, led by Avatar Aang and Fire Lord Zuko, came to an agreement with Earth King Kuei on the establishment of the Harmony Restoration Movement, which aimed to return Fire Nation colonies to the control of the Earth Kingdom. One of the consequences of this action was the removal of Fire Nation citizens from the settlements that they had created over the past century. This forced departure had considerably negative demographic consequences unforeseen by the parties in the agreement. A year into the operation of the movement, Zuko withdrew his support after being accused of being a traitor by the mayor of the first colony, Yu Dao, precipitating a confrontation with his friend, Aang.
After narrowly avoiding war, Aang and Zuko resolved this impasse by reforming the Fire Nation colonies into a fifth nation separate from the four nations. This fifth nation would be a society where anyone from around the world would be able to live, governed by a council of five citizens representing each of the nations, with two representing the separate Water Tribes. They named this new republic the United Republic of Nations and established Republic City, located in the northwestern Earth Kingdom, as its capital.
However, the capital began to experience demographic and political problems as a direct consequence of its nature as a large city. Organized crime became rampant, culminating in Yakone's attempt to take over the city through his criminal empire. Yakone used bloodbending to commit his crimes and torment the citizens of Republic City before he had his bending removed by Aang in 128 ASC. Forty-two years later, the city also began facing issues with wealth inequality among the citizens. During their revolution, Amon and the Equalists threatened the city and its benders, eventually using a fleet of airships to bomb the city in an attempt to gain control. After the destruction of the first division of the United Forces and the capture of the whole United Republic Council during the resulting Battle for Republic City, the Equalist forces controlled almost the whole city. Lacking a capital, a government, and a strong military, the republic was on the verge of destruction. However, due to Team Avatar's involvement, the Equalist forces were soon crushed and Amon's secret was revealed. These events ended the revolution and Republic City was put back under government control.
The United Republic was established as a nation for benders and non-benders from all cultures to live in, and thus it has a broad range of peoples from all walks of life. Because of this, the fashion and appearance of the citizens varies greatly.
Many United Republic citizens dress according to their culture. Consequently, civilians with Fire Nation heritage wear clothing in shades of red, those with Earth Kingdom ancestry shades of green, and descendants of Water Tribe members shades of blue. However, especially among non-benders, clothing no longer reflects citizens' heritage entirely. Many, particularly those with mixed ethnicity, dress themselves in shades of neutral colors like brown or gray or wear clothing with different hues. Regardless of mixed ethnicity or cultural background, however, benders tend to dress in colors that accord with their bending art, which acts as the main identification of benders.
National emblem Edit
The emblem of the United Republic of Nations is an irregular hendecagon; a shape with eleven sides. It is similar to a pentagon with a circle in the middle and also with a leg on the left and the right side. Unlike the currency of other nations, the United Republic emblem is not printed on the money. However, the insignia is used in City Hall and as a pin on the clothing of the members of the United Republic Council.
The United Republic is located along the eastern coast of the Mo Ce Sea. In the vicinity of Republic City, the coastline is lined with mountains that cover much of the republic. The mountainous areas around Republic City are known to have a cold climate, while Republic City has a more temperate weather pattern.
Natural resources Edit
In many large cities, there are electrical lines hanging over the heads of people to deliver power to their homes and work places. The power is released through electricity which is produced and generated by firebenders. Farmers are not seen in the United Republic of Nations, especially in Republic City and Yu Dao. However, harbors are present, implying that fishing is one of the city's sources of food.
- Main article: United Republic Council
Government system: Republic
Head of state: United Republic Council
Aside from establishing the republic, a government was also formed in which one representative from each nation would be a part of the United Republic Council, where they can represent the interests of their people. The nation's seat of government is situated in Republic City. There are five members in total, one for each of the following nations: Fire Nation, Earth Kingdom, Northern Water Tribe, Southern Water Tribe, and Air Nation.
Law and order Edit
- Main article: Law and order in the United Republic
- See also: Metalbending Police Force; Tarrlok's task force
The United Republic is well known for its strict but fair judicial system and a definitive system of law enforcement. Laws themselves are enacted by the United Republic Council. All citizens have the right to the integrity of life and property, the freedom of speech as well as a defense attorney and due process. Thus, vigilantism is strictly prohibited. Furthermore, it is prohibited to destroy private and public properties, to endanger the public order or the lives of others, and to hinder the police. One of the most serious crimes, however, is the use of bloodbending, outlawed for decades. In the case of seditious crimes, the United Republic Council acts as judge and jury for the court case.
One major institution of Republic City's judicial branch is the Metalbending Police Force. Stationed throughout numerous areas of the metropolis, they enforce law and order and ensure the safety of the public. Highly trained, disciplined and well-equipped policemen, they are considered to be elite law enforcers. In response to the illegal, violent and subversive activities of the Equalists, an elite task force, led by then-Councilman Tarrlok, was additionally created in 170 ASC to bring Amon and his followers to justice.
Nevertheless, the capital has a long history of organized crime. Powerful crime syndicates extort Republic City's denizens and, despite the police's efforts, run protection rackets and are constantly involved in violent territorial wars.
Not much is known about the general healthcare in the republic, however, medical standards are very high and the general health seems to be good. Notably, the art of healing has become widespread; private healers offer their services as well as the healing physicians of numerous hospitals in Republic City. Accordingly to the high medical standards medical hand washing and the wearing of surgical masks, medical gloves and special clothing to prevent infections is common during surgeries. Complex surgery, including extensive plastic surgery, has been possible since at least 128 ASC.
Serious diseases are not common among Republic City inhabitants, and even street children and vagabonds are enjoying mostly good health, although there is a gap of health between the wealthy and the lower classes of the republic. A major problem seems to be corruption among United Republic surgeons and physicians, since the criminal fugitive Yakone was able to undergo plastic surgery by bribery to flee Republic City.
- See also: Republic City press
The United Republic is known for its broad media landscape, a result of the high level of education, the freedom of the press and the technological revolution. Newspapers are the most common medium of information distribution, and at least three different newspapers operate in the capital: theYuan News, the Republic News, and the United Daily News. Likewise, the radio is very popular, though less common as more expensive to purchase. There are many channels, including ones for news, sport events and music, the latter often sponsored by private companies. Due to the popularity of pro-bending, matches are generally broadcast live. Accordingly, the Republic City press is large and well organized, employing hundreds of journalists.
Bending arts Edit
The United Republic's position as a melting pot of different nations and cultures has had a massive impact on the bending arts that are practiced by its inhabitants. Influenced by the urban environment, the industrialization and the new uses of bending itself, the styles of the different arts changed to fit the new urban landscape.
Airbending changed very little, if at all, after Aang's passing and Tenzin being the sole, living airbending master. Even though he and his family resided near the fast-paced city, he attempted to uphold the ancient tradition of the Air Nomad culture and the way the monks of old practiced their bending. He passed on these teachings to his children and Korra.
Waterbending in the fast-paced city has changed significantly from the waterbending from before since the city has a very different water availability, thus forcing the waterbenders to be quick and determined since their element is limited and quickly consumed during a fight. Because of this, many waterbenders of the United Republic have adapted a fighting style which is based primarily on sheer strength and speed. Consequently, the waterbending of the United Republic benders is much more aggressive and deadly than original waterbending. For example, surprising, aggressive first strikes during battles are popular among criminals and law enforcers alike. Remarkably, this new fighting style runs counter to the original principle of waterbending, to wait and turn the targets' attacks against them. Through the new, aggressive combat style, the United Republic waterbending became also very emotional. Anger, hatred, and rage fueled even waterbenders with high self-control, like Tarrlok. Overall, the new style shares many similarities with firebending. However, the United Republic style has proven several times to be very effective in the urban environment.
Earthbending changed greatly within the United Republic. A new style was developed which focuses on speed and is based on earth projectiles. Although earth is available everywhere in the city, the new laws against the destruction of private and city property severely limit the element's use. Therefore, earthbenders try to fight while minimizing the possibility of collateral damage, unlike the typical highly destructive earthbending style. In order to meet the new principle, the United Republic earthbenders mainly fight with little earth blocks or discs and also try to avoid hits by dodging them rather than blocking or enduring their enemies' attacks until the right opportunity to counterattack reveals itself. Just like the its waterbending style, the United Republic earthbending style runs counter its original principle, but proves to be effective. However, the original earthbending is still present within the minds of the republic's earthbenders. During emergencies, they still use the more forceful earthbending without any restriction, demonstrated during the Battle for Republic City.
Metalbending, a ferrokinetic sub-skill of earthbending, is a completely new form of earthbending, only slightly older than the United Republic itself. Although they need to master earthbending to metalbend, the United Republic metalbenders almost exclusively use their elite skill and are rarely seen earthbending, most likely due to the law-related limitations mentioned above. Due to this, their sub-skill is the bending on which they define themselves and are defined by others. Consequently earth and metalbenders are differentiated from each other in principle in Republic City. Therefore, metalbending became almost a completely new, fifth bending art in the city, a development that is so far unique for a bending sub-skill in the world. With metal cables strung between buildings, Republic City is the perfect environment for metalbenders since their element is present everywhere and can be used without causing much collateral damage. Metalbending is very prominent within the republic, but particularly common among the famous Metalbending Police Force.
Firebending shows the least change of all the main bending arts used within the United Republic. Due to its natural flexibility, the typical firebending fighting style hardly needed to be changed.
Lightning generation Edit
The firebending sub-skill of lightning generation underwent a remarkable change in seventy years. While it was originally considered the most powerful firebending technique as its use was available only to a select few firebending prodigies and masters, the art has evolved into a well-known skill and is known by enough people to make lightning generation a decently-paid job at a Republic City power plant. Quicker lightning generation and a weakening of the intensity of the lightning itself were part of this process.
- Main article: United Forces
The military of the United Republic of Nations is known as the United Forces, which answers to the United Republic Council as its commander-in-chief. The United Forces has a strong navy, consisting of several divisions with heavy battleships as basic units.